Consorcio para el
Páramo - Parque Nacional Cotopaxi - Ecuador
For your consolidation, the professional practice of the environmental right has been intensified in the last decade in the Ecuador and Latin America. While by the middle of the years 1980s this practice decreased to few organizations non government pioneers in the development of the environmental right in the region and settled down in San José (CEDARENA*), Bogotá (Fundepúblico *), I Remove (CORDAVI*), Lima (Proterra-SPDA*) and Buenos Aires (FARN*), today, the environmental juridical organizations exist practically in all the countries and they are guided to more and more specialized areas.
In their beginnings, the practical ius-environmentalist in Latin America you concentrates on three defined fields: the summary and normative proposition and the litigation. This obeyed the fact that being a new practice, it was indispensable to explore the legislative universe of each country, that which allowed to identify holes, incoherences, duplications and other aspects that supposed a problem for the use of that legal mark in concrete tasks of environmental protection. Parallelly, it was also necessary a stage the normative proposition, that which although it was a slow process, he/she has given their fruits in all the environments. This was visible starting from the Conference of the United Nations on it Sets and Development, taken place in River of Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. Starting from that year, practically all the countries of the orb adopted an environmental vision as official politics of state. Finally, the litigation area, constituted a practical exercise of subjection from the normative bodies to the exam of the tribunals and tribunals. This exercise, to the long one, not only allowed to prove the applicability of the norms, but also to verify up to where the jurisdictional apparatus of the countries was prepared to defend the environmental rights and, mainly, to educate environmentally to the public officials and political decisores that were not always willing to fulfill norms that had been forgotten until those moments or, in the best in the cases, views like legal curiosities
Those three tasks that were carried out during the stage precursor of the environmental right, leaned on mutually and they allowed to consolidate a conceptual, normative base and politics of protection of the environmental rights that although still with holes and imperfections, it is already accepted by all and on the one that settles the exercise of the right environmental today in Latin America.
Without ignoring that it is still necessary a lot to make as for the mentioned tasks, the practice of the environmental right requires today of new courses. New conceptions of administration of the resources natural, new scenarios socioeconomic, new realities geopolitical, new demands citizens, mean today challenges for this professional practice. Their specialization, he/she should combine today with integration. He/she is so the new environmental right and their practitioners, they should look toward new conceptual horizons where to find answers for the queries that outline those every time growing diffuse rights or rights non individualizables that are constantly affected by processes that no longer originate necessarily or they depend on local situations or within reach of the will of the institutions or authorities to we have them access. Those horizons are in the socioeconomic analysis, in the evaluation of the social vulnerability and risk, in the analysis of the human rights of third generation of the one that can be regular societies, communities, groups, sudden or systematically affected by conditions of uncertain origin.
It is in this transition context that professionals of the right and of complementary disciplines they have grouped in a Consortium, in which that professional practice will be promoted that the new conditions and demands claim. Therefore, without more preambles, welcome to the Consortium for the Partner-environmental Right.
(*) CEMDA: I center Mexican of Environmental Right; CEDARENA: I center of Environmental Right and of Natural Resources; Fundepúblico: Foundation for the Defense of the Public Interest; CORDAVI: Corporation of Defense of the Life; SPDA: Peruvian society of Environmental Right; FARN: Ambient foundation and Natural Resources